9. Application of the theory of generations (X, Y, Z)
In the early 1990s, the American historian William Strauss and the economist Neil Howe developed the "theory of generations". The scientists have put forward the theory that people born at different times are different from each other. In particular, the peculiarities of the perception of information and assimilation of educational material differ. Currently, 3 generations are socially active: generation X (born 1964-1984), generation Y (born 1985-2003), and generation Z (born 2004-2023) Generation X (born 1964-1984)
Representatives of this generation are easy to learn and have sufficient competence and experience. Their disadvantage: about 80% of representatives have difficulty with new technologies.
The preferred form of study is full-time. If we talk about e-learning, they would prefer classic electronic manuals. Generation Y (born 1985-2003)
They are easy to learn, have good computer skills, can give reasoned answers, and are accustomed to searching for information on their own. They do not have a generalized approach to gaining knowledge, with them, you can apply different approaches to learning: online courses in the format of "quest", webinars, computer simulators, and much more.
Generation Y will prefer distance learning to full-time learning. Generation Z (born 2004 - 2023)
They are the representatives of the modern digital world, and actively use the Internet and gadgets. They are used to having information available in one click. They switch attention quickly and don't concentrate well, but they absorb information well.
When teaching representatives of Generation Z, one should:
- Allow studying on a free schedule.
- Use microlearning.
- Include game techniques in training.